What is SQL Server Query Store

SQL Server Query Store: A Deep Dive into Performance Insights

Imagine peering into the inner workings of your SQL Server, witnessing the intricate dance of queries and their performance in real-time. That’s the power of the SQL Server Query Store, a built-in tool that sheds light on your database’s health and efficiency.

Unveiling the Mystery of Query Execution

Gone are the days of blind troubleshooting, chasing slow queries like phantoms in the SQL Server labyrinth. The Query Store acts as a performance detective, capturing a wealth of data about every query executed:

  • Query text and plan: See exactly what queries are running and how they’re planned for execution.
  • Runtime statistics: Track execution time, CPU usage, I/O operations, and other metrics to pinpoint bottlenecks.
  • Wait statistics: Identify locks, blocking sessions, and other resource contentions impacting performance.
  • Historical trends: Analyze query performance over time and spot anomalies or regressions.

With this treasure trove of information at your fingertips, you can:

  • Identify and optimize slow queries: Quickly pinpoint the culprits behind sluggish performance and tune them for efficiency.
  • Prevent performance regressions: Track changes in query plans and performance metrics to proactively address potential issues.
  • Understand workload patterns: Gain insights into how your database is used at different times, enabling better resource allocation.
  • Troubleshoot query-related issues: Diagnose specific problems like locking or blocking with detailed execution data.

Beyond Basic Monitoring: A Toolbox for Optimization

The Query Store isn’t just a passive observer; it’s an active participant in your performance optimization journey. Here’s how:

  • Query plan forcing: Fix inefficient query plans by forcing a specific plan to be used, ensuring consistent performance.
  • Query history cleanup: Manage storage space by defining policies for automatically archiving or deleting historical data.
  • Alerts and notifications: Set up alerts for specific performance thresholds, like slow query execution or resource exhaustion, to be notified proactively.

Unlocking the Potential of Your SQL Server

The SQL Server Query Store is a powerful tool, but its effectiveness hinges on proper utilization. Here are some tips to make the most of it:

  • Enable Query Store on all databases: Don’t miss out on valuable insights; activate it across your entire SQL Server environment.
  • Define capture policy: Tailor data collection based on your needs, balancing performance impact with data granularity.
  • Leverage built-in analysis tools: SQL Server Management Studio offers intuitive dashboards and reports to visualize and analyze query store data.
  • Integrate with third-party tools: Extend your analysis capabilities with specialized tools for deeper performance insights and optimization recommendations.

Empowering Informed Decisions with Data-Driven Insights

The SQL Server Query Store empowers you to move beyond guesswork and intuition in managing your database. By harnessing its data-driven insights, you can optimize performance, prevent issues, and ensure your SQL Server runs like a well-oiled machine. So, dive into the Query Store, unveil the secrets of your queries, and unlock the full potential of your SQL Server environment.

Remember, the Query Store is just one piece of the puzzle. Combining it with other performance monitoring tools and best practices can create a comprehensive strategy for maintaining a healthy and efficient SQL Server infrastructure.

We can enable Query Store thru the SSMS GUI or by SQL Script.
Here is the SQL Script to turn on Query Store for a database:


SQL Server adds default values for Query Store parameters. In SQL Server 2019 Microsoft decided to change default values for some of them. Here is the table with the attributes and former and current default values:

AttributeSQL Server 2017SQL Server 2019

I hope this article has given you a deeper understanding of the SQL Server Query Store and its potential to revolutionize your database performance management.